. The Lunar Catalyst Program . The Lunar GOOGLE XPrize
The first human landing on the Moon was on July 20, 1969. During the Apollo missions of 1969–1972, 12 American astronauts walked on the Moon and used a Lunar Roving Vehicle to travel on the surface and extend their studies of soil mechanics, meteoroids, lunar ranging, magnetic fields, and solar wind. The Apollo astronauts brought back 382 kilograms (842 pounds) of rock and soil to Earth for study.
Rocks and Regolith are the major lunar resources that can be exploited by future astronauts to achieve some degree of self-reliance and ensure its long-term survival. The chemical composition of these resources allows for the extraction of oxygen (O2) for life support, and of silicon (Si) and metals for solar-cell fabrication and parts manufacturing.
Because the past success of the U.S. commercial space industry, and the growing interest to reach and explore the Moon, NASA continues its partnership with the Lunar Cargo Transportation and Landing by Soft Touchdown (Lunar CATALYST) program. Through this program, NASA has selected three partners in 2014 to spur commercial cargo transportation capabilities to the surface of the Moon.
With this no-funds-exchanged Space Act Agreement (SAA) partnership with Astrobotic Technology of Pittsburgh, PA., Masten Space Systems Inc. of Mojave, CA. and Moon Express Inc., of Cape Canaveral, FLA, NASA will not only develop capabilities that could lead to a commercial robotic spacecraft landing on the Moon, but also enable possible new science and exploration missions of interest to them and the broader scientific and academic communities. LEARN MORE about CATALYST here
The PEREGRINE LANDER do Orbit and Surface operations at any Lunar destination.
Moon Express will use their MX family and scalable spacecraft systems to reach theMoon and other destinations from Earth orbit.
XL-1: Efficient Lunar Lander is a robust Lunar Delivery system For Customer Payloads .
TEAM HAKUTO - JAPAN
SYNERGY MOON - INTERNATIONAL
SPACEIL - ISRAEL
TEAM INDIUS - INDIA
The $30M Google Lunar XPRIZE is an unprecedented competition to challenge and inspire engineers and entrepreneurs from around the world to develop low-cost methods of robotic space exploration.
To win the XPRIZE, a privately funded team must successfully place a robot on the Moon’s surface that explores at least 500 meters and transmits high-definition video and images back to Earth, before the mission deadline od March 31, 2018.
Learn more @ http://lunar.xprize.org/
AN IMPORTANT UPDATE FROM GOOGLE LUNAR XPRIZE
After close consultation with our five finalist Google Lunar XPRIZE teams over the past several months, we have concluded that no team will make a launch attempt to reach the Moon by the March 31st, 2018 deadline. The grand prize of the $30M Google Lunar XPRIZE will go unclaimed. However, the competition has provided a incredible boost for the space industry... and, new players are now on the line to provide services to oron the Moon.
Clockwise from back left: Moon Express (U.S.A.), SpaceIL (Israel), Hakuto (Japan), Synergy Moon (international), and TeamIndus (India)
Team HAKUTO - FINALIST
THE COMPANY IS ALMOST READY FOR THE MOON!
Moon Express - FINALIST
and a LUNAR CATALYST PARTNER with ASTROBOTIC TECHNOLOGY and MASTEN SPACE SYSTEMS
THE COMPANY IS ALMOST READY FOR THE MOON!
THE OTHER FINALISTS -
FINALIST... Need money to launch!
A day after Google Lunar XPRIZE announced that there will not be a launch by March 31, 2018 and that the $30 million prize will go unclaimed, TeamIndus, the team from India, has confirmed that it is terminating the launch services agreement it signed with Antrix in 2016. Antrix is the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
Looking ahead, Team Indus will continue to work to expand its horizons and work on repeatedly delivering increased capacity, precision of payload to the Moon. It will soon disclose its plans on the next phase of evolution.
About the video at the right: India's rover races to the Moon. Credit: BBC Click
Team Indus is the only Indian team in the world’s largest competition to send a robotic explorer to the Moon - Google Lunar XPRIZE. This animation breaks down the 4 major stages of our mission. Credit: Team Indus
FINALIST... Need some money to launch!
SpaceIL is a non-profit organization established in 2011 aiming to land the first Israeli spacecraft on the Moon.
The organization was founded by three young engineers: Yariv Bash, Kfir Damari and Yonatan Winetraub who answered the international challenge presented by Google Lunar XPRIZE.