. circular tracks as space settlement


Credit: A.C. Clarke - Rama Created by Eric Bruneton Original video: http://ebruneton.free.fr/rama3/rama.html

Credit: Uzi Berko



Von Braun Space Station 1956

Credit: Larry Kentta

Can We Create Artificial Gravity?

Credit: Real Engineering

SpaceX Starship and The Von Braun Rotating Space Station

The Von Braun rotating space station will be the first commercial space construction project in history. It will be serviced by the SpaceX Starship and be designed to accommodate national space agency laboratories, billionaires who want to own property in space, and space tourists. Please visit our website at www.gatewayspaceport.com/membership

The space settlement should consider designs with multiple gravity levels to support flight crew training and physical therapy to mitigate the adverse effects of prolonged exposure to low-gravity environments once they arrive and prior to leaving space settlements.

By living in a Hyper Gravity environment before and/or after prolonged exposure to low-gravity environments, the negative effect may be mitigated and rehabilitation may be accelerated for humans.

… Long-term living in a Hyper Gravity environment can increase muscle strength and bone density as well as strengthen organs and improve resistance to loss of consciousness under high-g conditions. Also, some evidence show that it can have therapeutic applications involving cellular development.


The Turbolift Hybrid Artificial Gravity concept proposed by IMSG Laboratories Inc. and selected for NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) Phase I study. Video: 2017 Perry Papadopoulos. Credit: f r a g o m a t i k


A new artificial gravity concept could help astronauts endure long duration missions in the near-weightless environment of space.

NASA 360 takes a look at the NASA Innovative Advanced Concept (NIAC) known as Turbolift, a new approach to artificial gravity. To watch the in-depth presentation about this topic please visit: http://bit.ly/2ACdz0o This video represents a research study within the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. NIAC is a visionary and far-reaching aerospace program, one that has the potential to create breakthrough technologies for possible future space missions.

However, such early stage technology developments may never become actual NASA missions. For more information about NIAC, visit: www.nasa.gov/niac. Credit: NASA 360

circular tracks as space settlement

The Extended-Stay Hyper Gravity Facility (ESHGF) is essentially the merger of two technologies: centrifuges and trains, in which an extremely long-arm centrifuge is created using vehicles similar to tilting trains.













In such historical missions of extended duration into the U.S. Skylab, the Russian Mir Stations, as well as the ISS, extensive biomedical studies has been, and are, undertaken. Their findings that periodic physical exercise, as running, is imperative for the maintenance of health of astronauts.

In such environment of zero-gravity, bodily fluids are redistributed, with less in the lower extremities and more in the upper body. Also, the height increases and the body mass usually decreases with a loss of muscular tissue. The veins and arteries of the legs become weaker and, anemia occurs, accompanied by a significant reduction in blood count. When they return to Earth, a feeling of weakness and the loss of a sense of balance are experienced.

The Astronaut recoveries from all these effects is relatively rapid and is nearly complete after only a week or so. However, a serious cause for concern is the loss of bone calcium that increases with the length of a mission and shows no sign of cessation.

The possibility of irreparable deterioration on future space missions of long duration points to a need for artificial gravity. The use of centrifugal force in a suitably designed rotating space vehicle is an obvious way of simulating gravity, as well as the Turbolift system.

More News about Habitats



The HASSELL design for a Mars Habitat has reached the final of NASA’s 3D Printing Centennial Challenge. This NASA competition sought perspectives from outside the traditional aerospace industry, to explore how a human habitat could be designed and delivered on Mars using autonomous 3D printing technologies. HASSELL partnered with Eckersley O’Callaghan to design the external shell which could be constructed entirely by autonomous robots using Mars’ natural regolith. Final film has been made in collaboration with the team at LightField London. Credit: HASSELL

Why SpaceX Built A Stainless Steel Starship

Credit: Real Engineering



Videos about Building Habitats and Living on the Moon 

Space Launch System (SLS) - Habitat Concept

The Skylab was a large single module habitat that provided about 555 m3 of habitable volume for about 49 metric tons (mt). This is similar to many modules on the ISS where ten times the mass at 450 mt resulted in less habitable volume at 355 m3. 

International Space Station (ISS) - Habitat Concept

Several ISS derived concepts have been studied to determine the feasibility of using existing ISS modules available on the ground or fabricating new modules of a similar size and design. Two basic concepts are presented here to illustrate the potential they have for Deep Space Habitats. All are at a vey high Technology Readiness Level (TRL) because they are highly reliant on exiting ISS technologies. 

Safe Haven Configurations for Deep Space Transit Habitats

The primary mass drivers for the safe haven were found to be in structures, avionics, and the life support system, which totaled about 3000 kg for a 30-day safe haven and about 5000 kg to 6000 kg for a full duration safe haven.