. Space Habitat: Where, How and What Kinds? . Lunar Vicinity Missions
Inflatable Module Habitat BA-330. Credit: Bigelow Aerospace
In-Space Habitat Concept near the Earth's Moon orbit.
On April 11, 2016, Bigelow Aerospace and United Launch Alliance held a joint media event in Colorado Springs, CO to announce a partnership to develop and deploy habitable volumes in Low Earth orbit (LEO). The volumes will be based on the Bigelow Aerospace B330 expandable module with the initial launch to orbit in 2020 on ULA's Atlas V 552.
Bigelow Aerospace is building space habitats for the public. Get an exclusive tour inside one of their prototypes, and see where we would live in space.
Credit: NASA Spaceflight Forum
NASA has selected six U.S. companies to help advance the Journey to Mars by developing ground prototypes and concepts for deep space habitats.
SPACE HABITAT: WHERE, HOW AND WHAT KIND?
Space habitat move from LEO to Cislunar space & Moon's surface... to Mars' orbit & surface
.In and around the International Space Station, astronauts make some human researchs and technological demonstrations in a vacuum environment.
.The Cislunar space, is the place to support Asteroid Mission Concepts, for the assembly of Mars Transit Vehicles, for Orbital Habitats, as well as support service for international and/or commercial interests.
. For the Mars Transfer Habitats in Cislunar space, rockets will be launched with payloads, scientific studies, interior configurations and outfitting for transit vehicles.
Credit: Deep Space Habitats-David Smitherman, May 6, 2015: Humans to Mars Summit 2015/Stepping Stones (II): ISS and Beyond/ American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics / NASA Marshall Space Flight Center / Advanced Concepts Office
Lunar Vicinity Missions, Asteroid Retrieval Missions and Lunar Missions
Many studies about the Asteroid Retrieval Missions (ARM) have proposed the basic concept of a long duration habitat to support ongoing activities in a lunar Distant Retrograde Orbit (DRO). Initial missions in this stable location might include only an Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV) with two crew members and Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVA) support equipment. Longer missions with larger crews are possible by adding habitats to the MPCV.
To support lunar missions, habitats located in the lunar DRO, EML1, and EML2 orbits are the most interesting. At these orbits, astronauts have a direct control of the lunar surface robotic systems and the use of the reusable robotic and human lander systems. On the surface and after the initial analysis and curation of the sample materials collected, the crews can assist the robotic set up and the service of the ISRU systems.