The U.S. Declaration of Independence contains the inalienable rights of man, namely life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. There are many people not just in the United States but also throughout the world who desire space travel but are prevented from doing so, largely due to cost. This is a constraint on their individual freedom, their liberty and their right to pursue self-happiness for the benefit of all humankind. Space travel must be opened up to the world at large and humanity allowed to continue to explore the cosmos. 

welcome to outer space economy & exploration





scenario Mission

welcome on-board


Funded by the NASA NIAC program, Made in Space Company had completed its Phase I study to potentially establish the concept of feasibility of using space manufacturing to convert asteroids into autonomous, mechanical spacecraft.

ASTEROIDS: WHAT AND WHERE?                          

Collectively, the asteroids represent a total of 3·1021 kg of material, equivalent to ~5% the mass of the Moon, or a single body ~1400 km across. The majority of this mass is contained within the ~900 km dwarf planet Ceres, and most of the remaining mass is distributed in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter.

NEWS January 4, 2017 (source: NASA)

NASA has selected two missions that have the potential to open new windows on one of the earliest eras in the history of our solar system--a time less than 10 million years after the birth of our sun. The missions, known as Lucy and Psyche, were chosen from five finalists and will proceed to mission formulation, with the goal of launching in 2021 and 2023, respectively.



Credits: Jonathan Sauder

Like RAMA Project, Automaton Rover for VENUS Mission Will be built with mechanicals' parts to resist at High Temperature of 460°C and where the Corrosion resistance is a more nuanced problem considering the high pressure (90 bar) of the environment, i.e. CO2 is near its supercritical state.


The 2016 Planetary Mission Senior Review (PMSR-16) was conducted from May16-26th for 9 missions: Curiosity, Dawn, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), Mars Express (MEx), Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), New Horizons, Odyssey, Opportunity, and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN).

Mars Reconnaissance orbiter (MRO)

James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)

In Development

InSight - Lander on Mars

Mission in Development


3d Space Manufacturing in ISS. Credit: NASA

In November 2015, NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) selected Made In Space' project for a public-private partnerships to advance Tipping Point Technologies. Funded by NASA, the project named Archinaut™ was to develop technologies and subsystems to enable the first additive manufacturing, aggregation, and assembly of large and complex systems in space without astronaut extravehicular activity (EVA).
. SPACE  SYSTEMS / LORAL: Remember the Dragonfly Project
. ORBITAL  ATK: CIRAS, The Commercial Infrastructure for Robotic Assembly and Services


Example of large space telescope with sunshield

Having a solid capability for in-space assembly of spacecrafts or space systems will enhance performance of space missions, while could reduce theirs costs. This is exactly the purpose of SALSSA.


In 2017, the project entered its preliminary design phase.

The Europa Clipper mission passed its KDP-B gate review in February 2017 and is in the preliminary design and technology completion phase (Phase B).

The Europa Clipper mission will advance from Phase B (preliminary design and technology completion) to Phase C (final design and fabrication) at the beginning of FY 2019. This flagship-class mission

The Europa Clipper mission will conduct a detailed reconnaissance of Jupiter's moon Europa to see whether the icy moon could harbor conditions suitable for life. To do so, it will spend four years in orbit around Jupiter, conducting its scientific observations by completing multiple close fly-bys of Europa, minimizing the spacecraft's exposure to the harsh radiation environment near Europa. LEARN MORE
NASA will like Launched This mission the 1 Jan 2025 and, Finished it the 1 Jan 2030.


Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft's Success Story


. End of Mission in September 2017. Why?

. Titan has methane/ethane lakes on the surface and an atmosphere like Earth. To investigate further, NASA is considering using a Submarine, Space plane, a Probe and/or a Lander.

Saturn Planet

Ligea Mare Lake on Titan

POPULAR SPacecrafts missions

NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission to Asteroid Bennu

The Origins Spectral Interpretation Resource Identification Security - Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft will travel to a near-Earth asteroid, called Bennu (formerly 1999 RQ36), and bring a sample of at least 2-ounce  back to Earth for study. LEARN MORE

The Incredible Space Travel of New Horizons to Pluto

On July 14, 2015, after a space travel of more than nine years and three billion miles, New Horizons became the fastest spacecraft ever launched to reach its primary target, Pluto. LEARN MORE

Global View of PLUTO

Why are some Spacecrafts missions extended?

Spacecrafts last through their proposed prime mission because they are tested in harsh conditions similar to those found in the space vacuum of their target mission. 

An extended mission is possible when we can receive more valuable scientific data and the spacecrafts are fitto pursue their travel in space. For that latter case, engineers designed them to do so. LEARN MORE



. Establishment of a Spaceport Network Architecture LEARN MORE

. Launch Propulsion Systems. LEARN MORE


. Space Launch System (SLS) Habitat Concept LEARN MORE

Space Environmental Effects on Materials

The International Space Station (ISS) provides a challenging research environment with its exposure to extreme heat and cold cycles, ultra vacuum, atomic oxygen and high energy radiation.

Because of those space environmental effects, the ISS has been for many years the ideal place to test future materials to be used in space. LEARN MORE

View of the Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) 6A and 6B Passive Experiment Containers (PECs) on the European Laboratory/Columbus. Photo taken during a fly around of STS-123 Space Shuttle Endeavor.

Funny videos explaining the Saturn Rocket's Propulsion System... Compare the Old School to the New School!

New School

Old School

Can we mine the Atmosphere of Mars?

The final phase 1 of a study made by NASA's Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) says it is possible. 

To do so, a Mars Atmospheric Gas Resources Collector Vehicle (RCV) must pass in the upper atmosphere and trap the Carbon Dioxide (CO2). From  this latter gas, Oxygen (O2) is extracted and put in a separate tank. Once this tank is full, it is transferred in the Reusable Mars Transportation System (vehicle), which can repeatedly be landed and launched on Mars.

Today's Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL) technology limits to approximately 1-2 tons (t) the landed mass on Mars from Earth. With this new concept, it will be feasible to carry four crew members and cargo up to 20 metric t.

It is the combination of this atmospheric orbital In-Situ-Resource-Utilization (ISRU) with the surface production, that makes an Earth-Independent transport system possible. LEARN MORE


NIAC Mars Atmospheric Gas Resources Collector Vehicle (RCV) stack concept during an aerobraking CO2 collection pass in the upper atmosphere.

Credit: NASA

hot news

Teams selected by NASA to develop Deep Space Habitat concepts

In the program Journey to Mars, Sierra Nevada Corp., Orbital ATK, Lockeed Martin and Boeing are four of the six chosen teamsRead More »

Space Habitat

NASA's Asteroid Redirect Robotic and Crewed Missions are postponed by one year

The Robotic segment is postponed to December 2021 because the asteroid-target will not be available for an accessible orbit for the date scheduled. As for the Crewed segment, the Solar Energy Propulsion system for the spacecraft will not be ready, so its mission will be delayed to December 2026. Read More » by Chris Gebhardt at

Asteroid Mission

Video Game for BIG GUYS: the Virtual Robotics Challenge, VRC

Shown on the right, a virtual robot turns a pipe, as asked in the video game. LEARN MORE


Asteroid 783 NORA (1914 UL) could bring its owner over 100 BILLIONS US $!

Acquired by Planetary Resources in May 2013, ASTERANK forsees huge gains from the exploitation of raw material such as nickel, iron, cobalt, water, nitrogen, hydrogen and ammoniac, foundon Asteroid 783 NORA.

For the localization of NORA and other asteroids, go to

Space Economy

hot news


When a spacecraft do many passes through the atmosphere of a planet with only small changes during each pass, that means passing from a larger eccentricity to a smaller, it makes Aerobraking maneuver. During a single pass, the initial and the final states of the spacecraft are bound orbits at the primary. Today example of that it’s the Grand Finale of Cassini on Saturn planet in September 2017.

We can do it in using techniques of Aeroassit, which includes Aerocapture, Aerobraking, entry and Aerogravity Assist maneuvers.

NASA's Spitzer reveals a large number of Earth-Size Planets around a single star

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has revealed seven Earth-size planets around a tiny, nearby ultra-cool dwarf star. Three of these planets are in the habitable zone, the region around the star in which liquid water is most likely to thrive on a rocky planet. This is the first time so many Earth-size planets have been found around the same star.

CREDIT: JPL RAW, FEB. 22, 2017

Crews'preparation for the ISS

NASA and Private Space Companies elaborated a Crew Transportation System (CTS) to orbital destinations based on a Design Reference Missions (DRMs)framework. 

For the CTS to provide successful services to ISS, two major objectives must be met. The first one is to insure a crew rotation capability for four NASA or NASA-sponsored crew-members.

The second objective is to transport a limited amount of ISS Program-specified pressurized cargo to the Station, to return that cargo and provide a safe haven when the spacecraft is docked. LEARN MORE



The Market and the mission of Planetary Resources - VIDEO

Mining Industry

Planetary Resources is developing game changing technologies that will enable us to mine asteroids, and so much more. 

Boeing’s CST-100 approved for its first commercial crewed flight to ISS - TEXT

Space Travel

NASA has approved Boeing’s CST-100 to carry out its first crewed flight to the International Space Station. Under the $4.2 billion Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap) contract awarded to Boeing, the company is required to ferry crews to and from the orbiting laboratory, something that the United States has been incapable of doing since the close of the shuttle era in 2011.

Early First Step Asteroid Redirect Mission - VIDEO & TEXT 

Asteroid Mission

The Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) is a compelling combination of robotic and crewed missions which substantially contributes to advancing technologies, techniques and operational capabilities required for human missions to Mars. 

Final of Darpa Robotic Challenge in Los Angeles: No More Game! - TEXT


Vingt-cinq équipes internationales ont participé à la Finale du Darpa Robotic Challenge les 5 et 6 juin 201

Expedition 49-50 Crew Docks to the Space Station - VIDEO

Space Travel


President OBAMA signs law enabling Commercial Exploration and use of Space Resources - TEXT

Space Economy

November 25, 2015 –  “The U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act of 2015” (Space Act) was signed into law today by President Barack Obama.  Designed to facilitate and catalyze the U.S. commercial space industry, the bill also includes regulations that enable prospecting and development of space resources for the first time.

United Launch Alliance and Blue Origin Announce Partnership To Develop New American Rocket Engine - VIDEO

Rocket's Propulsion

ASTEROIDS Act Would Establish Space Property Rights - VIDEO

Mining Industry & Space Economy

That Act (H.R.5063 - ASTEROIDS ACT) intoduced in House July 10, 2014, by U.S. Representatives Bill Posey (R-FL) and Derek Kilmer (D-WA). The general mean it'a about American Space Technology for Exploring Resource Opportunities In Deep Space Act or the ASTEROIDS Act - Directs the President through the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and other appropriate federal agencies to: -facilitate the commercial exploration and utilization of asteroid resources to meet national needs.

BIG Success for DARPA Robotics Challenge`s trials in the Homestead-Miami Speedway in Florida - TEXT

Robotic & Humanoid

Quelques-uns des robots ayant participés aux Essais de 2013 en Floride, dont le grand gagnant S-One, à  l'extrême droite, qui accumula l'impressionnant total de 27 points sur une possibilité de 32 ! Racheter par Google, ce dernier était pour ainsi dire exclut de la Finale 2015.

CHINA space lab: what are the missions of Tiangong-2? - VIDEO

Space Travel

Tiangong-2 will verify key technology for China’s future space station. Astronauts will be able to stay in space for a longer time aboard Tiangong-2 than Tiangong-1, China’s first prototype space lab. The Shenzhou-11 spacecraft, to carry two astronauts, will blast off in mid-October to dock with Tiangong-2. The two astronauts are expected to live in the space lab for up to 30 days. 

Credit: CCTV News

Space Transportation infrastructure Supported by Propellant Depots - TEXT

Space Economy

See graphical summary of that infrastructure and the possible missions he could support. It includes three depots, one each in LEO, L1, and Mars orbit, to support human missions to all destinations of interest out to Mars.  This operating scenario makes the depots and reusable vehicles part of a permanent infrastructure that could eventually support dozens of missions simultaneously, both commercial and exploration oriented, for decades into the future.

Space hotels aren't science-fiction anymore(by CNN's Rachel Crane)- VIDEO

Space Habitat

The Soyuz MS-02 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. October 19, 2016 - VIDEO

Rocket's Propulsion

TV Roscosmos and NASA INFO: The Soyuz MS-02 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station at 4:05 a.m. EDT Wednesday, Oct. 19 (2:05 p.m. Baikonur time). At the time of launch, the space station was flying 252 statute miles over the south Atlantic, east of Brazil. NASA astronaut Shane Kimbrough and cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Andrey Borisenko of the Russian space agency Roscosmos are now safely in orbit.

Over the next two days, the trio will orbit the Earth 34 times before docking to the space station’s Poisk module at 5:59 a.m. Friday, Oct. 21. NASA TV coverage of the docking will begin at 5:15 a.m. SPACE COM. INFO:

Credit: Dan Beaumont Space Museum

Limited US Robotic Help for Fukushima-Daiichi in Japan! - TEXT


Après le tremblement de terre et du tsunami survenus au Japon, les robots envoyés ont failli à la tâche. L'aide robotique était limité, pourquoi ? Ci-contre, le robot iRobot Packbot dans l'entrée de la centrale nucléaire Fukushima-Daiichi.

In-space propellant depots- VIDEO TEXT

Space Economy

Jim Keravala, the chief operating officer and co-founder of Shackleton Energy Company Inc., a firm intending to build in-space propellant depots discusses his companies plans.

Bigelow Aerospace Partners with United Launch Alliance, April 11, 2016 - VIDEO

Space Travel & Habitat

DARPA Grand Challenge History -VIDEO TEXT


Mars 13, 2004, beside Barstow in California, 15 vehicles without driver was RENDEZVOUS for the first Darpa Challenge. The Big price: 1 million $ US.

CHINA launches shenzhou 2 two-man space mission - VIDEO

Rocket's Propulsion

China has launched two astronauts into space on a mission to dock with an experimental space station. The launch marks the latest stage in the country's developing space program.

China launched the Shenzhou-11 manned spacecraft at 07:30 local time (23:30 GMT) from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in northwest China. The spacecraft, with two astronauts Jing Haipeng and Chen Dong on board, is set to dock with the Tiangong-2 space lab on Wednesday.

Credit: CCTV News

Orbital ATK Launches to ISS from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility - VIDEO

Space Travel

On Oct. 17, Orbital ATK launched its Cygnus cargo spacecraft atop an Antares rocket to the International Space Station. The spacecraft launched from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. This is the sixth cargo mission to the International Space Station for Orbital ATK.

Credit: NASA