The U.S. Declaration of Independence contains the inalienable rights of man, namely life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. There are many people not just in the United States but also throughout the world who desire space travel but are prevented from doing so, largely due to cost. This is a constraint on their individual freedom, their liberty and their right to pursue self-happiness for the benefit of all humankind. Space travel must be opened up to the world at large and humanity allowed to continue to explore the cosmos.
welcome to outer space economy & exploration
CAN WE TRANSFORM ASTEROID IN SPACECRAFT? THE RAMA PROJECT SAY YES... WITH SOME CONDITIONS.
Funded by the NASA NIAC program, Made in Space Company had completed its Phase I study to potentially establish the concept of feasibility of using space manufacturing to convert asteroids into autonomous, mechanical spacecraft.
ASTEROIDS: WHAT AND WHERE?
Collectively, the asteroids represent a total of 3·1021 kg of material, equivalent to ~5% the mass of the Moon, or a single body ~1400 km across. The majority of this mass is contained within the ~900 km dwarf planet Ceres, and most of the remaining mass is distributed in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter.
NEWS January 4, 2017 (source: NASA)
NASA has selected two missions that have the potential to open new windows on one of the earliest eras in the history of our solar system--a time less than 10 million years after the birth of our sun. The missions, known as Lucy and Psyche, were chosen from five finalists and will proceed to mission formulation, with the goal of launching in 2021 and 2023, respectively.
Credits: Jonathan Sauder
Like RAMA Project, Automaton Rover for VENUS Mission Will be built with mechanicals' parts to resist at High Temperature of 460°C and where the Corrosion resistance is a more nuanced problem considering the high pressure (90 bar) of the environment, i.e. CO2 is near its supercritical state.
2016 SENIOR REVIEW OF OPERATING MISSIONS
The 2016 Planetary Mission Senior Review (PMSR-16) was conducted from May16-26th for 9 missions: Curiosity, Dawn, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO), Mars Express (MEx), Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), New Horizons, Odyssey, Opportunity, and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN).
Mars Reconnaissance orbiter (MRO)
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)
InSight - Lander on Mars
Mission in Development
IN-SPACE ROBOTIC MANUFACTURING AND ASSEMBLY
3d Space Manufacturing in ISS. Credit: NASA
In November 2015, NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) selected Made In Space' project for a public-private partnerships to advance Tipping Point Technologies. Funded by NASA, the project named Archinaut™ was to develop technologies and subsystems to enable the first additive manufacturing, aggregation, and assembly of large and complex systems in space without astronaut extravehicular activity (EVA).
. SPACE SYSTEMS / LORAL: Remember the Dragonfly Project
. ORBITAL ATK: CIRAS, The Commercial Infrastructure for Robotic Assembly and Services
SALSSA: SPACE ASSEMBLY OF LARGE STRUCTURAL SYSTEM ARCHITECTURES
Example of large space telescope with sunshield
Having a solid capability for in-space assembly of spacecrafts or space systems will enhance performance of space missions, while could reduce theirs costs. This is exactly the purpose of SALSSA.
In 2017, the project entered its preliminary design phase.
The Europa Clipper mission passed its KDP-B gate review in February 2017 and is in the preliminary design and technology completion phase (Phase B).
The Europa Clipper mission will advance from Phase B (preliminary design and technology completion) to Phase C (final design and fabrication) at the beginning of FY 2019. This flagship-class mission
The Europa Clipper mission will conduct a detailed reconnaissance of Jupiter's moon Europa to see whether the icy moon could harbor conditions suitable for life. To do so, it will spend four years in orbit around Jupiter, conducting its scientific observations by completing multiple close fly-bys of Europa, minimizing the spacecraft's exposure to the harsh radiation environment near Europa. LEARN MORE
NASA will like Launched This mission the 1 Jan 2025 and, Finished it the 1 Jan 2030.
OUTER SPACE MISSIONs - CASSINI-HUYGENS' SPACECRAFT TO SATURN - NEW TOPICS
Cassini-Huygens Spacecraft's Success Story
. End of Mission in September 2017. Why?
. Titan has methane/ethane lakes on the surface and an atmosphere like Earth. To investigate further, NASA is considering using a Submarine, a Space plane, a Probe and/or a Lander.
Ligea Mare Lake on Titan
POPULAR SPacecrafts missions
NASA's OSIRIS-REx mission to Asteroid Bennu
The Origins Spectral Interpretation Resource Identification Security - Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) spacecraft will travel to a near-Earth asteroid, called Bennu (formerly 1999 RQ36), and bring a sample of at least 2-ounce back to Earth for study. LEARN MORE
The Incredible Space Travel of New Horizons to Pluto
On July 14, 2015, after a space travel of more than nine years and three billion miles, New Horizons became the fastest spacecraft ever launched to reach its primary target, Pluto. LEARN MORE
Global View of PLUTO
Why are some Spacecrafts missions extended?
Spacecrafts last through their proposed prime mission because they are tested in harsh conditions similar to those found in the space vacuum of their target mission.
An extended mission is possible when we can receive more valuable scientific data and the spacecrafts are fitto pursue their travel in space. For that latter case, engineers designed them to do so. LEARN MORE
SPACECRAFT VOYAGER 1
Space Environmental Effects on Materials
The International Space Station (ISS) provides a challenging research environment with its exposure to extreme heat and cold cycles, ultra vacuum, atomic oxygen and high energy radiation.
Because of those space environmental effects, the ISS has been for many years the ideal place to test future materials to be used in space. LEARN MORE
View of the Materials International Space Station Experiment (MISSE) 6A and 6B Passive Experiment Containers (PECs) on the European Laboratory/Columbus. Photo taken during a fly around of STS-123 Space Shuttle Endeavor.
Funny videos explaining the Saturn Rocket's Propulsion System... Compare the Old School to the New School!
Can we mine the Atmosphere of Mars?
The final phase 1 of a study made by NASA's Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) says it is possible.
To do so, a Mars Atmospheric Gas Resources Collector Vehicle (RCV) must pass in the upper atmosphere and trap the Carbon Dioxide (CO2). From this latter gas, Oxygen (O2) is extracted and put in a separate tank. Once this tank is full, it is transferred in the Reusable Mars Transportation System (vehicle), which can repeatedly be landed and launched on Mars.
Today's Entry, Descent and Landing (EDL) technology limits to approximately 1-2 tons (t) the landed mass on Mars from Earth. With this new concept, it will be feasible to carry four crew members and cargo up to 20 metric t.
It is the combination of this atmospheric orbital In-Situ-Resource-Utilization (ISRU) with the surface production, that makes an Earth-Independent transport system possible. LEARN MORE
LEARN MORe SOON
NIAC Mars Atmospheric Gas Resources Collector Vehicle (RCV) stack concept during an aerobraking CO2 collection pass in the upper atmosphere.
Teams selected by NASA to develop Deep Space Habitat concepts
In the program Journey to Mars, Sierra Nevada Corp., Orbital ATK, Lockeed Martin and Boeing are four of the six chosen teams. Read More »
NASA's Asteroid Redirect Robotic and Crewed Missions are postponed by one year
The Robotic segment is postponed to December 2021 because the asteroid-target will not be available for an accessible orbit for the date scheduled. As for the Crewed segment, the Solar Energy Propulsion system for the spacecraft will not be ready, so its mission will be delayed to December 2026. Read More » by Chris Gebhardt at NasaSpaceFlight.com
Asteroid 783 NORA (1914 UL) could bring its owner over 100 BILLIONS US $!
Acquired by Planetary Resources in May 2013, ASTERANK forsees huge gains from the exploitation of raw material such as nickel, iron, cobalt, water, nitrogen, hydrogen and ammoniac, foundon Asteroid 783 NORA.
For the localization of NORA and other asteroids, go to http://asterank.com/
PROPULSION WITHOUT FUEL!
When a spacecraft do many passes through the atmosphere of a planet with only small changes during each pass, that means passing from a larger eccentricity to a smaller, it makes Aerobraking maneuver. During a single pass, the initial and the final states of the spacecraft are bound orbits at the primary. Today example of that it’s the Grand Finale of Cassini on Saturn planet in September 2017.
We can do it in using techniques of Aeroassit, which includes Aerocapture, Aerobraking, entry and Aerogravity Assist maneuvers.
NASA's Spitzer reveals a large number of Earth-Size Planets around a single star
NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has revealed seven Earth-size planets around a tiny, nearby ultra-cool dwarf star. Three of these planets are in the habitable zone, the region around the star in which liquid water is most likely to thrive on a rocky planet. This is the first time so many Earth-size planets have been found around the same star.
CREDIT: JPL RAW, FEB. 22, 2017
Crews'preparation for the ISS
NASA and Private Space Companies elaborated a Crew Transportation System (CTS) to orbital destinations based on a Design Reference Missions (DRMs)framework.
For the CTS to provide successful services to ISS, two major objectives must be met. The first one is to insure a crew rotation capability for four NASA or NASA-sponsored crew-members.
The second objective is to transport a limited amount of ISS Program-specified pressurized cargo to the Station, to return that cargo and provide a safe haven when the spacecraft is docked. LEARN MORE
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION, ISS, IN THEEARTH'S ORBIT
The Market and the mission of Planetary Resources - VIDEO
Planetary Resources is developing game changing technologies that will enable us to mine asteroids, and so much more.
Boeing’s CST-100 approved for its first commercial crewed flight to ISS - TEXT
NASA has approved Boeing’s CST-100 to carry out its first crewed flight to the International Space Station. Under the $4.2 billion Commercial Crew Transportation Capability (CCtCap) contract awarded to Boeing, the company is required to ferry crews to and from the orbiting laboratory, something that the United States has been incapable of doing since the close of the shuttle era in 2011.
Early First Step Asteroid Redirect Mission - VIDEO & TEXT
The Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) is a compelling combination of robotic and crewed missions which substantially contributes to advancing technologies, techniques and operational capabilities required for human missions to Mars.
Final of Darpa Robotic Challenge in Los Angeles: No More Game! - TEXT
Vingt-cinq équipes internationales ont participé à la Finale du Darpa Robotic Challenge les 5 et 6 juin 201
Expedition 49-50 Crew Docks to the Space Station - VIDEO
President OBAMA signs law enabling Commercial Exploration and use of Space Resources - TEXT
November 25, 2015 – “The U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act of 2015” (Space Act) was signed into law today by President Barack Obama. Designed to facilitate and catalyze the U.S. commercial space industry, the bill also includes regulations that enable prospecting and development of space resources for the first time.
United Launch Alliance and Blue Origin Announce Partnership To Develop New American Rocket Engine - VIDEO
ASTEROIDS Act Would Establish Space Property Rights - VIDEO
Mining Industry & Space Economy
That Act (H.R.5063 - ASTEROIDS ACT) intoduced in House July 10, 2014, by U.S. Representatives Bill Posey (R-FL) and Derek Kilmer (D-WA). The general mean it'a about American Space Technology for Exploring Resource Opportunities In Deep Space Act or the ASTEROIDS Act - Directs the President through the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and other appropriate federal agencies to: -facilitate the commercial exploration and utilization of asteroid resources to meet national needs.
BIG Success for DARPA Robotics Challenge`s trials in the Homestead-Miami Speedway in Florida - TEXT
Robotic & Humanoid
Quelques-uns des robots ayant participés aux Essais de 2013 en Floride, dont le grand gagnant S-One, à l'extrême droite, qui accumula l'impressionnant total de 27 points sur une possibilité de 32 ! Racheter par Google, ce dernier était pour ainsi dire exclut de la Finale 2015.
CHINA space lab: what are the missions of Tiangong-2? - VIDEO
Tiangong-2 will verify key technology for China’s future space station. Astronauts will be able to stay in space for a longer time aboard Tiangong-2 than Tiangong-1, China’s first prototype space lab. The Shenzhou-11 spacecraft, to carry two astronauts, will blast off in mid-October to dock with Tiangong-2. The two astronauts are expected to live in the space lab for up to 30 days.
Credit: CCTV News
Space Transportation infrastructure Supported by Propellant Depots - TEXT
See graphical summary of that infrastructure and the possible missions he could support. It includes three depots, one each in LEO, L1, and Mars orbit, to support human missions to all destinations of interest out to Mars. This operating scenario makes the depots and reusable vehicles part of a permanent infrastructure that could eventually support dozens of missions simultaneously, both commercial and exploration oriented, for decades into the future.
Space hotels aren't science-fiction anymore(by CNN's Rachel Crane)- VIDEO
The Soyuz MS-02 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. October 19, 2016 - VIDEO
TV Roscosmos and NASA INFO: The Soyuz MS-02 launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the International Space Station at 4:05 a.m. EDT Wednesday, Oct. 19 (2:05 p.m. Baikonur time). At the time of launch, the space station was flying 252 statute miles over the south Atlantic, east of Brazil. NASA astronaut Shane Kimbrough and cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Andrey Borisenko of the Russian space agency Roscosmos are now safely in orbit.
Over the next two days, the trio will orbit the Earth 34 times before docking to the space station’s Poisk module at 5:59 a.m. Friday, Oct. 21. NASA TV coverage of the docking will begin at 5:15 a.m. SPACE COM. INFO: http://www.space.com/34433-soyuz-rock...
Credit: Dan Beaumont Space Museum
Limited US Robotic Help for Fukushima-Daiichi in Japan! - TEXT
Après le tremblement de terre et du tsunami survenus au Japon, les robots envoyés ont failli à la tâche. L'aide robotique était limité, pourquoi ? Ci-contre, le robot iRobot Packbot dans l'entrée de la centrale nucléaire Fukushima-Daiichi.
In-space propellant depots- VIDEO & TEXT
Jim Keravala, the chief operating officer and co-founder of Shackleton Energy Company Inc., a firm intending to build in-space propellant depots discusses his companies plans.
Bigelow Aerospace Partners with United Launch Alliance, April 11, 2016 - VIDEO
Space Travel & Habitat
DARPA Grand Challenge History -VIDEO & TEXT
Mars 13, 2004, beside Barstow in California, 15 vehicles without driver was RENDEZVOUS for the first Darpa Challenge. The Big price: 1 million $ US.
CHINA launches shenzhou 2 two-man space mission - VIDEO
China has launched two astronauts into space on a mission to dock with an experimental space station. The launch marks the latest stage in the country's developing space program.
Orbital ATK Launches to ISS from NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility - VIDEO
On Oct. 17, Orbital ATK launched its Cygnus cargo spacecraft atop an Antares rocket to the International Space Station. The spacecraft launched from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at NASA’s Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. This is the sixth cargo mission to the International Space Station for Orbital ATK.