CREWS'PREPARATION FOR THE ISS
NASA and Private Space Companies elaborated a Crew Transportation System (CTS) to orbital destinations based on a Design Reference Missions (DRMs) framework. Learn More
THE SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM (SLS)
The SLS is designed for deep space missions. It will send the Orion spacecraft or other cargo to the Moon, which is nearly 1,000 times farther than where the space station resides in low-Earth orbit, at about 400 kilometers. Learn More
SPACE LAUNCH SYSTEM - HABITAT CONCEPT
The Skylab was a large single module habitat that provided about 555 m3 of habitable volume for about 49 metric tons (mt). This is similar to many modules on the ISS where ten times the mass at 450 mt resulted in less habitable volume at 355 m3. Learn More
SPACE HABITAT: WHERE, HOW AND WHAT KIND?
The Cislunar space, is the place to support Asteroid Mission Concepts, for the assembly of Mars Transit Vehicles, for Orbital Habitats, as well as support service for international and/or commercial interests. Learn More
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION (ISS) - HABITAT CONCEPT
The United States Orbital Segment consists of pressurized habitable modules that are approximately 4.5 m in diameter with varying lengths between 5 and 11 meters. The sizes of these modules were dictated by the cargo bay size and lift capability of the Space Shuttle. Learn More
SPACE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON MATERIALS
The International Space Station (ISS) provides a challenging research environment with its exposure to extreme heat and cold cycles, ultra vacuum, atomic oxygen and high energy radiation. Because of those space environmental effects... Learn More
IN-SPACE ROBOTIC MANUFACTURING AND ASSEMBLY
In November 2015, NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) selected Made In Space's project for a public-private partnerships to advance Tipping Point Technologies. Funded by NASA, the project named Archinaut™ was to develop technologies and subsystems to enable the first... Learn More
SPACE TRAVEL SUPPORTED BY PROPELLANT DEPOTS
Like oases in the desert, the Spaceports network presents outlines ofa pioneering, multi-purpose logistics network of safe havens, enabling human and robotic expansion into the hostile space environment. Learn More
TRANSFORMING AN ASTEROID INTO A SPACECRAFT?
To feed the Cislunar space with exotic materials, Made In Space proposes the RAMA architecture, which turns asteroids into self-sufficient spacecrafts capable returning to this location. The architecture can transport asteroids from 10 m-long to 100 . Learn More
Current issues - October/November 2020
The TURBOLIFT is a Linear Sled Hybrid Artificial Gravity concept (LSH AG) thatcould be essential to enabling crewed long-duration lunar stays, cis-lunar exploration, Mars orbital missions, exploration of Martian moons, Martian landings, or any further destination in our solar system.
Long-duration exposure to microgravity leads to bone loss, muscle atrophy, cardiovascular deconditioning, and visual degradation. During gravity transitions astronauts experience sensorimotor impairment. These deleterious effects threaten astronaut safety, performance, and long-term well-being. LEARN MORE
In the near future, this system (left)could be applicable to crewed missions to Mars.
TORPOR HABITAT CONCEPT
SpaceWorks Enterprises, Inc. (SEI) proposes an advanced habitat system for transporting crews between the Earth and deep space destinations.
The torpor habitat consists mostly of sleep chambers, or pods.
During the in-space mission segments or travel, their innovative habitat design will be capable of cycling them through inactive, non-cryonic torpor sleep states. This is the Therapeutic Hypothermia (TH), a concept that reduce metabolic rates of humans over extended periods of time.
Initiated during transit phases, this approach could solve a myriad of medical and engineering challenges associated with long human spaceflight missions. Cycling the crew in and out of the torpor state further reduces the burden on fully autonomous systems, and ensures crew cognitive abilities are maintained. LEARN MORE
CIRCULAR TRACKS AS SPACE SETTLEMENT
The train concept have a sequence of connected cars running on a track. People in it will be able to move between thems as they can onboard a typical train. The general design for all HGV Cars (HGVC)s isto be the same size, but custom-size cars can be accommodated.
The interior of each car is expected to be customized to meet the needs of its occupants and manager. Car types are expected to include at a minimum living quarters and workspace.
A special feature of each HGVC is its capability to control the tilt of its cabin so that it is relatively level with respect to its hyper gravity vector.
HGVC Tilted Cabin on Track
The tracks and the HGV chassis can be designed to support the loads as needed. In most cases, the 4-rail track described in this design concept should be sufficient. The HGVC design specifies 10 wheels per wheel truck and 2 wheel trucks per chassis . To provide context, cargo trains are currently operational that support 40,000kg per 2-wheel axle. LEARN MORE
SAFE HAVEN Habitat FOR DEEP SPACE TRavel
Smoke and fire on board a module has been always a serious concern for long deep space missions. The International Space Station (ISS) has experienced small asteroid strike or collision with another spacecraft during docking or undocking operations since many years. But, if everything blow-up!
Credit: David Smitherman* Tara Polsgrove†, and Justin Rowe‡ NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
For long duration missions beyond LEO, as well as Mars transit missions of about 1100 days, a quick return will not be possible. For that, the mass penalty for multiple volumes and operating has been always an important concern for mission concepts. LEARN MORE
THE LUNAR ORBITAL PLATFORM, "GATEWAY", OR LOP-G
As reflected in the NASA's Exploration Campaign, the next step in the human spaceflight is the establishment of U.S. pre-eminence in the cislunar space through the operations and the deployment of a U.S.-led Lunar Orbital Platform, “Gateway,” (LOP-G).
The Gateway will be constructed in orbit, incrementally, with the uses of the American-built Orion spacecraft and the Space Launch System (SLS), as well as commercial launch vehicles.
In fact, NASA plans to build the Gateway with just five or six rocket launches, compared to the 34 launches it took to build the space station. Large parts will be set up by automatic assembly, mean robotically. LEARN MORE
CHANG'E-4'S MISSION TO THE MOON WILL BE HISTORICAL!
For the first time a country, China, will land a spacecraft on the far side of the Moon! Chang'e-4 will be the fourth mission in its series named after the Chinese moon goddess.
In October of 1959, the Luna 3 spacecraft launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Luna 3 was the third spacecraft to reach the Moon and the first to send back pictures of the Moon's far side. The pictures were noisy and indistinct, but because the Moon always presents the same face to the Earth, they offered views of a part of the Moon never seen before.
The far side of the Moon is surprisingly different. The most striking difference evident in the Luna 3 pictures is the absence of the large, dark seas of cooled lava, called maria, that cover a substantial fraction of the Earth-facing near side. The far side is instead densely peppered with impact craters of every size and age. Published: September 26, 2017. Credit: NASA
The two-part missions of Chang'e-4 will focusing on the low-frequency astronomy and the investigation of the subsurface, the topography and the mineralogical composition of the lunar far side. Learn More
THE PROPELLANTS USED BY ROCKETS' PROPULSIONS
SLS Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage. Credit: United Launch Alliance, ULA
Space Shuttle. Credit: NASA
Currently, the most used cryogenic liquid propellants for the in-space transfer stages are the Liquid Oxygen (LO2 or LOX) and Liquid Hydrogen (LH2). However, their storage and transfer can be challenging, in particular, to prevent the boil-off for the longtime missions. Learn More
The UltraViolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS), a box of 4 telescopes, creates pictures by observing ultraviolet light. In ultraviolet wavelengths of light, gases are observable and UVIS determines what type it is by splitting the light into its component wavelengths, or colors.
With its 5150-km diameter, Titan is the largest moon of Saturn and the 2nd-largest planetary satellite in Milky Way after Ganymede (5276 km). But, it is the only natural satellite known to have a dense atmosphere with clear evidence of stable bodies of surface liquid.
ASTROBOTIC (USA)WILL REVOLUTIONIZE THE MOON
Astrobotic is contracting payloads to Trans-Lunar Insertion (TLI), Lunar Orbit, and Surface on the Moon at Lacus Mortis for theirFirst Mission. Learn More
ISPACE (Japan) - EXPAND OUR PLANET. EXPAND OUR FUTURE.
ISPACE has already started the development of its small, agile and modular lunar lander. The main goal is to provide a regular transportation service to the Moon. Learn More
CHANG'E-5 WILL RETURN MOON'S SAMPLES
Since the Apollo's missions, China will be the first to return to Earth, samples from the near side of the Moon. That will be the mission of Chang'e-5, scheduled for November 2019, near Mons Rümker in Oceanus Procellarum, a large area of lunar mare in the northwest region of the Moon. Learn More
LANDING INTO THE TYCHO CRATER
Tycho has a diameter of 85 km and a depth of about 4.5 km. Located at 11.1° West and 43.4° South, Tycho is the youngest large crater on the nearside of the Moon with a conspicuous ray system. Learn More
Pit crater/lava tubes-33.22°E, 8.336°N - Mare Tranquillitatis
Lunar pit craters are small, steep-walled collapse features that suggest subsurface voids. Over 200 pit craters are located in impact melt and are relatively shallow, at about 10 m. Learn More
THE FANTASTIC VOYAGE OF JUNO TO JUPITER
The U.S. orbiter JUNO was launched on August 5, 2011, in the direction of Jupiter. The main goals are to Reveal the story of the formation and evolution of Jupiter. How did Jupiter form? Does it have a solid core? How is its vast magnetic field generated? Learn More
HOW WE SELECT SPACECRAFTS MISSIONS
NASA is operating about 60 Science missions with over 70 spacecraft, most of which involve collaboration with international partners or other U.S. agencies. Learn More